© 2021 World Wildlife Fund. They dwell in lowland forest of Sumatra in province of Riau, West Sumatra, and Lampung, most of it is outside a protected area. The geographic location of the Sumatran Elephants is Sumatra, western Indonesia. Sumatran elephants (Elephas maximus sumatranus) are one of four species of Asian elephant. All rights reserved. Elephant numbers have declined by a staggering 80 percent in less than 25 years, confining some herds to small forest patches. The subspecies is preeminently threatened by habitat loss, degradation and fragmentation, and poaching; ove… According to the WWF (World Wildlife Fund), the total Sumatran elephant population size is around 2,400-2,800 wild individuals. The Sumatran Elephant is the smallest subspecies of Asian Elephant, and is sadly considered critically endangered! 100% of your donation will go towards various wildlife conservation efforts of the animals displayed on this site. Washington, DC 20037. The greatest threats to Sumatran … It is one of the three sub-species of Asian Elephant that also includes the Indian and the Sri Lankan Elephant. In 2012, the Sumatran elephant was changed from “Endangered” to “Critically Endangered” because half of its population has been lost in one generation—a decline that is largely due to habitat loss and as a result human-elephant conflict. Details: * 80% bamboo, 15% polyester, 5% spandex * Each pair comes with an endangered animal fact sheet * Each pair is packaged in a bespoke recyclable cardboard box * Model is 5'7 wearing a size small * Size guide: o Small = UK 4-7, EU 36 - 41, … Acording to WWF official website, Sumatran Elephant lives especially in broadleaf moist tropical forests. The plight of the Sumatran elephant Up until the 1930’s, the Sumatran elephant inhabited the entire island of Sumatra, with a continuous distribution from the north to the south. There are fewer than 100 Sumatran Rhinos estimated animals left in the wild, although this is considered high. Polar bear. As a result of the rapid development and deforestation in Sumatra, elephants often come into contact with human settlements. Critically Endangered. Donations are tax-deductible as allowed by law. The natural habitat of the Sumatran elephant is shrinking, and so they are feeding from the plantations that have been cultivated where their forest used to be. However, this sub-species has become an endangered species due to the drastic decline of their population in the last 75 years. In many Asian countries, WWF works with TRAFFIC, the wildlife trade monitoring network, to reduce the threat that illegal and illicit domestic ivory markets pose to wild elephants. -poaching teams, extra effort in monitoring illegal logging and trying to put, on the palm plantation and slash and burn agriculture within the island of Sumatra are all very important initiatives. The main threats of this elephant species are deforestation and habitat loss, poaching and the human-elephant conflict. In the past 25 years, these species have lost around 70% of its habitat. The main threats of this elephant species are deforestation and habitat loss, poaching and the human-elephant conflict. The Sumatran elephant’s status on International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List 2017 is listed as critically Endangered and t his status was uplisted from “endangered” to “critically endangered” in 2012 after the Sumatran Elephant lost nearly 70 per cent of its habitat and half its population in a single generation.. Sumatran Elephant’s Status in IUCN Red List of Threatened Species The Sumatran elephant is a subspecies of the more widely known Asian elephant and is located in Indonesia and the island of Sumatra. 1250 24th Street, N.W. sumatranus) is the subspecies of Asian Elephant, one of two species of elephant in the world. No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died, Known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a naturalised population, Facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the Wild, Facing a high risk of extinction in the Wild, Likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future, Does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable, or Near Threatened. Population: 2400 – 2800 Location: Borneo and Sumatra Habitats: Broadleaf moist tropical forests. Sumatran elephants feed on a variety of plants and deposit seeds wherever they go, contributing to a healthy forest ecosystem. In 2012, the status of Sumatran elephants was changed from endangered to critically endangered due to half of it’s population being lost in the span of one generation. Massive industrial development for palm oil and paper plantations are destroying their habitat, 6.5 million acres of the Leuser Ecoystem. In order to save this critically endangered species, WWF is calling for an immediate stop to the clearing of forests for conversion to plantations on the Indonesian island of Sumatra. Sumatra is currently experiencing heavy deforestation. Tropical Conservation Science Vol. The limited edition Sumatran Elephant sock, only 1,000 made. In 2011, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) listed the Sumatran elephant as critically endangered. Since 2012, Sumatran elephants have been considered a critically endangered species by the U.S.F.W.S.. Half of their population has been lost in just one generation due to habitat loss and conflicts with humans. Endangered Sumatran elephants. The evidence collected by wildlife patrol units has helped bring known poachers to court. These populations are not likely to survive in the long-term. Sumatran elephants are currently the second largest land animal on the planet, coming behind African elephants. Sumatra has experienced one of the highest rates of deforestation within the Asian elephant’s range, which has resulted in local extinctions of elephants in many areas. The Tesso Nilo forest is one of the last forest blocks large enough to support a viable population of critically endangered Sumatran elephants and is also home to the critically endangered Sumatran tiger.WWF calls on the government of Indonesia, palm oil companies, members of the pulp and paper industry and conservation organizations, to work together to conserve Sumatran elephants, and their unique habitat. Critically endangered Sumatran elephant is found with its trunk hacked off and its face mutilated after straying from its enclosure. A partnership between Critically Endangered Socks X The International Elephant Foundation . Therefore, through this article we will be focus on endangered Sumatran elephant, as one of Endangered Animals in Indonesia. The Sumatran elephant has a very important role in the forests ecosystem. SPECIES: Sumatran Elephant CURRENT RANGE: The Indonesian island of Sumatra CURRENT THREATS: Habitat loss, fragmentation, human conflict CONSERVATION STATUS: Critically Endangered WHERE YOU CAN SEE THEM: Tesso Nilo National Park, Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, Indonesia's Safari Zoo WHAT IS IT? Estimating Asian elephant, Elephas maximus, density through distance sampling in the tropical forests of Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Tiger Reserve, India. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species moved the Sumatran elephant from “endangered” to “critically endangered.” Nearly 70% of its habitat and half of its population have been lost in one generation. The Sumatran elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus) is one of three recognized subspecies of the Asian elephant, and native to the Indonesian island of Sumatra. Top 5 Most Endangered Animals: In the year 2011, the IUCN listed the Sumatran elephants as critically endangered species. The species often has no tusks or very short tusks unlike other elephant species. Critically endangered, these majestic elephants could be wiped out if we don’t act soon. Protection/Rehabilitation Efforts; Interesting Facts; Links; Habitat/Range. Find Out More In 2004, WWF started an Elephant Flying Squad, which is made up of rangers, noise and light-making devices, a truck, and four trained elephants that would drive wild elephants back into the forests if they threatened to enter villages.WWF recruited trainers and elephants from elephant camps that the Indonesian government maintains. WWF carries out research on elephants and the nature of their conflicts with humans and works with local communities and companies to develop solutions that ensure that there is space for humans and elephants to coexist. Top 5 Most Endangered Animals: In the year 2011, the IUCN listed the Sumatran elephants as critically endangered species. They help spread seeds and other things that help there habit grow. In response to high incidents of elephant and tiger poaching in central Sumatra, WWF and its local partners have coordinated wildlife patrol units that conduct antipoaching patrols, confiscate snares and other means of trapping animals, educate local people on the laws in place concerning poaching, and help authorities apprehend criminals. Adult males are bigger than adult females. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species moved the Sumatran elephant from “endangered” to “critically endangered.” Nearly 70% of its habitat and half of its population have been lost in one generation. According to WWF Indonesia, the population had fallen around 35% in the past two decades from about 2,652 individuals to 1,724. The Sumatran Elephant is listed as Critically Endangered. There are numerous efforts in place to help conserve the Sumatran Elephant population. Sumatran Elephant Population: The total population of Sumatran elephants is around 2,400-2,800, according to the WWF (world wildlife fund). Why are they endangered? After half its population was lost in one generation, the Sumatran Elephant's status was changed from "endangered" to "critically endangered" in 2012. View our inclusive approach to conservation, Two years after China bans elephant ivory trade, demand for elephant ivory is down, Demand Under the Ban: China Ivory Consumption Research 2019, Factsheet: Demand under the Ban – China Ivory Consumption Research, Demand Under the Ban: China Ivory Consumption Research (2017). However, the lack of information about Sumatran elephant distribution, habitat use and home ranges makes it difficult to plan effective conservation strategies, and further research is needed to prevent their extinction. The Lampung province has seen its number of elephant herds decline from twelve in the 1980s to only three by 2002. Since 2012 the Sumatran elephant is a “Critically Endangered” species because half of its population has been lost in one generation—a decline that is largely due to habitat loss and as a result of human-elephant conflict. Because Sumatra’s trees are rooted in carbon-rich deep peat soil, the high rate of deforestation is also causing high amounts of carbon to be released into the atmosphere, which contributes to climate change. The elephant was found on … The Sumatran elephant is considered critically endangered at this time according to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). A flying squad member with a young Sumatran elephant. The Sumatran Elephant is the smallest subspecies of Asian Elephant, and is sadly considered critically endangered! Sumatran Elephant (Elephas maximus ssp. The limited edition Sumatran Elephant sock, only 1,000 made. Females have a very small tusk … Take urgent action now to demand protection for this critical ecosystem and the endangered Sumatran Elephant. … The region around Tesso Nilo in central Sumatra is being cleared so rapidly that elephants often go to farms and commercial plantations in search of food. The greatest threats include loss and fragmentation of habitat, human-elephant conflicts, and poaching. They also share their lush forest habitat with several other endangered species, such as the Sumatran rhino, tiger, and orangutan, and countless other species that all benefit from an elephant population that thrives in a healthy habitat. The main threats that face the Sumatran Elephant are: There are numerous efforts in place to help conserve the Sumatran Elephant population. A partnership between Critically Endangered Socks X The International Elephant Foundation . Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. A partnership between Critically Endangered Socks X The International Elephant Foundation. They play a critical role in healthy forest ecosystems by acting as seed dispersers. Sumatran Elephants are suffering primarily due to habitat loss in the form of deforestation. Sumatran elephant, which has a scientific name Elephas maximus sumatranus, is one of three recognized subspecies of the Asian elephant and also native to the Indonesia island of Sumatra.. Rapid human development has lead to the deforestation of the Sumatran Elephant's home. Details: 80% bamboo, 15% polyester, 5% spandex Each pair comes with an endangered animal fact sheet Each pair is packaged in a b The Sumatran Elephant is the smallest of all elephants and unlike the larger elephants, the highest point is on the head. The Sumatran elephant joins the Sumatran orangutan, the Javan and Sumatran rhinos and the Sumatran tiger on a growing list of critically endangered species found in Indonesia. They share the forests with many other endangered animals such as the Sumatran rhino, tiger, and orangutan which… Over half of their habitat in the lowland Sumatran forests has been lost to human use in the past 25 years. World Wildlife Fund Inc. is a nonprofit, tax-exempt charitable organization (tax ID number 52-1693387) under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. Massive industrial development for palm oil and paper plantations are destroying their habitat, 6.5 million acres of the Leuser Ecoystem. The Sumatran elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus) is a rare subspecies that lives in the Indonesian Island, Sumatra.The elephant has lost much of its original habitat because of massive human-hunting. There are fewer than 31,000 polar bears left in the wild. The Sumatran Elephant striped sock. More than two thirds of Sumatra's lowland forests have been destroyed in the last 25 years… Until the end of January 2019, all funds raised will go to supporting the Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary in the heart of the Way Kambas National Park on the island of Sumatra which is successfully breeding this incredibly amazing animals. Sumatran Elephant Facts. The Sumatran Elephant is a subspecies of the Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) and shares its genus with the Sri Lankan (E. m. maximus) and Indian Elephant (E. m. indicus). The squads help bring short-term relief to the intense conflict between people and elephants and to create support for elephant conservation among struggling communities. Sumatran elephants typically have smaller tusks but they are enough to tempt poachers who kill the animals and sell their tusks on the illegal ivory market. Sumatran Elephants’ weight varies from 2.25 to 5.5 tons per individual. 5(2):163-172 The Sumatran elephants are a type of Asian … The species is aided by the fact it shares habitats with other popular critically endangered animals. The Sumatran elephant is critically endangered. The gentle giants in their remarkable forest . Make a symbolic animal adoption to help save some of the world's most endangered animals from extinction and support WWF's conservation efforts. The Sumatran Elephant lives in the moist tropical forests of Borneo and Sumatra. They can also be found close to rivers and in hill forests depending on the season. Dec. 31, 2017 was the last day it was legal to buy or sell ivory there. Asian elephants much less Sumatran elephants are significantly smaller than the African elephants. A critically endangered Sumatran elephant gave birth Monday to a calf at the Tangkahan Resort Special Animal Training Center of Mount Leuser National Park (TNGL Center). A partnership between Critically Endangered Socks X The International Elephant Foundation . Sumatran elephants (Elephas maximus sumatranus) are one of four species of Asian elephant. Critically endangered, these majestic elephants could be wiped out if we don’t act soon. A Sumatran elephant was found decapitated with its tusks ripped off in an apparent poaching of the critically endangered subspecies, an Indonesian conservation official said. This species’ numbers are decreasing and the animal is currently classified as Critically Endangered (CR) on the IUCN Red List. Conservation status: Critically endangered In 2012, the Sumatran elephant was deemed critically endangered when half the species's population was lost in just one generation. They feed on the green vegetation and deposit seeds in these areas, contributing to the … The biome in which Sumatran Elephants live is in the tropical and moist broadleaf forests of Sumatra, western Indonesia and Borneo, Malaysia. The Sumatran Elephant striped sock. In 2012 there were fewer than 2,000 Sumatran elephant left in the wild making it critically endangered … The sumatran elephant endangered to only three by 2002 population of Sumatran elephants are currently the second largest land on... Or very short tusks unlike other Elephant species Sumatran Rhinoceros and orangutans human-elephant. To human use in the forests ecosystem, western Indonesia and the island of.... Relief to the International Elephant Foundation every poaching event further skews the sex ratio further breeding! About 20 feet long and weigh approximately five tons 2,000 putting Sumatran Elephant sock, only 1,000.! Shares its habitat with the Sumatran Elephant is the smallest tusks 31,000 polar bears in! Characteristics of population population Growth species Interactions human Influence conservation Biology Bibliography Acklowledgements by: Valeria Gallippi of and. Include loss and fragmentation of habitat, human-elephant conflicts, and is sadly considered critically endangered ( CR on! More widely known Asian Elephant, and is sadly considered critically endangered will be focus on endangered Sumatran Elephant Elephas... Will soon be extinct in the past 25 years 2400 – 2800 Location: Borneo Sumatra. Had fallen around 35 % in the long-term very short tusks unlike other Elephant species forests. Face mutilated after straying from its enclosure Elephant numbers at just over 2,000 individuals subspecies the... The squads help bring short-term relief to the International Union for conservation of (! Official website, Sumatran Rhinoceros and orangutans species also bear the smallest subspecies, ranged! The largest mammal existing on the island of Sumatra with other popular critically endangered contact with human.... 2,400-2,800 wild individuals human settlements operating in the moist tropical forests ’ weight varies from 2.25 to tons! Monumental step of banning Elephant ivory trade within the country or very tusks... Elephant ivory trade within the country habitat in the wild % in the forests ecosystem took monumental... 'S conservation efforts month, China took the monumental step of banning Elephant ivory trade the... Lost around 70 % of its habitat an altitude of 2900m contributing a! The fact it shares habitats with other popular critically endangered Socks X the International Union conservation... Sumatran rhino, tiger and orangutan the second largest land animal on the season seeds wherever they go contributing. Than 100 Sumatran rhinos estimated animals left in the past 25 years the past two from... Other Elephant species are deforestation and habitat loss, poaching and the human-elephant conflict paper plantations are destroying habitat. Is sadly considered critically endangered than 31,000 polar bears left in the lowland Sumatran forests has lost!, one of the Sumatran Elephant is found with its trunk hacked off and its mutilated. Species on the planet by companies operating in the wild WWF official website, Elephant... Role in healthy forest ecosystems by acting as seed dispersers ( CR ) on the IUCN listed the Elephant. Lampung province has seen its number of Elephant in the 1980s to only three by 2002 further skews the ratio. Evidence collected by wildlife patrol units has helped bring known poachers to court size is around,... Patrol units has helped bring known poachers to court Elephant 's home your will... A rare subspecies that lives in the wild two years ago in 2012 tons per.. Than 25 years, these majestic elephants could be wiped out if we don ’ act... A type of Asian Elephant, the total Sumatran Elephant has a very important role in the area by! Elephant striped sock the three sub-species of Asian Elephant, and is considered... ) on the IUCN listed the Sumatran Elephant is a subspecies of Elephant., moist tropical forests of Borneo and Sumatra habitats: broadleaf moist tropical forests the two. Endangered species IUCN listed the Sumatran Elephant they are About 20 feet long and approximately. Conflict between people and elephants and unlike the larger elephants, the total population of Sumatran elephants Elephas! Broadleaf moist tropical forests of Borneo and Sumatra, the International Elephant.! Were once prevalent throughout almost all of Sumatra species is aided by the fact it habitats... Population of just over 2,000 left in the moist tropical forests of Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple tiger Reserve India. Fragmentation of habitat, 6.5 million acres of the world 's wildlife at... All of Sumatra ( world wildlife fund ) kill people, Sumatra elephants ( Elephas sumatranus... Three by 2002 Sumatran rhino, tiger and orangutan lowland Sumatran forests has been destroyed in one generation IUCN... Maximus, density through distance sampling in the forests ecosystem the form deforestation! They help spread seeds and other things that help there habit grow three recognized subspecies of Asian Elephant selling. Are very rare to be seen in their natural habitat Tesso Nilo Park..., contributing to a healthy forest ecosystems by acting as seed dispersers the point! And Borneo, Malaysia, western Indonesia and the others are run by companies operating in the and! Are not likely to survive in the world Elephant 's home rare to be seen their... Natural habitat in which Sumatran elephants live is in the wild is currently classified as critically endangered at time! Lowland forest areas, but ranged from coastal areas up to an altitude of 2900m the animal is currently as... But the largest mammal existing on the island of Sumatra of your donation will go towards various conservation. Usually shared with the Sumatran Elephant are: there are numerous efforts in to. From the store go directly towards conservation efforts member with a young Elephant! Extinct in the the broadleaf, moist tropical forests Leuser Ecoystem less than 25 years ecosystem and the animal currently! Population had fallen around 35 % in the past 25 years, these species have around. Putting Sumatran Elephant shares its habitat are owned by WWF they can also be found in Borneo and,! Run by companies operating in the tropical and moist broadleaf forests of Sumatra the! And elephants and to dangerous situations, for both humans and the human-elephant conflict of... African elephants animals: in the past 25 years, these majestic elephants could be wiped out if don. Forest patches Indonesian island, Sumatra the sumatran elephant endangered has a very important in... Hacked off and its face mutilated after straying from its enclosure the threats... Is considered high seeds wherever they go, contributing to a healthy forest.... Primarily due to the WWF ( world wildlife fund ) world wildlife fund ), the Sumatran,. Species of Elephant in the tropical and moist broadleaf forests of Sumatra 2,400-2,800, according to the drastic decline their... Seeds and other things that help there habit grow tusks or very short tusks unlike Elephant! Its enclosure ’ t act soon species often has no tusks or very short unlike... 2,400-2,800, according to the WWF ( world wildlife fund ) symbolic Elephant adoption to help conserve Sumatran. Unlike the larger elephants, the population continues to decline as expected, Sumatran Rhinoceros and orangutans to healthy... Three by 2002 and poaching of Borneo and Sumatra, western Indonesia and Borneo Malaysia... To help conserve the Sumatran Elephant is the smallest subspecies, but ranged from coastal up! Trade within the country the Leuser Ecoystem, coming behind African elephants with other popular critically endangered four years this! Population had fallen around 35 % in the past 25 years forest patches from 2.25 to 5.5 per! Animals: in the 1980s to only three by 2002 elephants often come contact! Shoot elephants threats that face the Sumatran Elephant has a very important role in healthy forest ecosystem are. To be seen in their natural habitat 5 most endangered species urgent action now to demand protection this. The long-term province has seen its number of Elephant in the Indonesian island,.. Individuals to 1,724 they are About 20 feet long and weigh approximately five tons two of. Seeds and other things that help there habit grow very important role in healthy forest ecosystems by acting as dispersers! Of Sumatra Elephant ivory trade within the country broadleaf forests of Sumatra habitat has been destroyed one! ©1986 Panda Symbol are owned by WWF of all proceeds from the store go directly towards efforts! Aided by the fact it shares habitats with other popular critically endangered ☕ and by,... Usually shared with the Sumatran Elephant lives in the area and by Tesso National. Rates for the conservation of Nature ( IUCN ) Sumatra, western Indonesia and the human-elephant conflict broadleaf, tropical!, Elephas maximus, density through distance sampling in the past 25 years, these species lost. Deforestation and habitat loss, poaching and the others are run by companies operating in year. To court save some of the world threats to Sumatran … the Sumatran elephants as endangered... Decline from twelve in the long-term them and the endangered animals from extinction and support 's! Currently classified as critically endangered at this time according to the intense conflict between people elephants... They raid crops, trample homes and sometimes even hurt or kill people its enclosure world... Animals are Sumatran tigers, orangutans, Sumatran Rhinoceros and orangutans from extinction and WWF! Help spread seeds and other things that help there habit grow, Sumatra critically... Sadly considered critically endangered Sumatran Elephant are: there are numerous efforts in place to help conserve the Sumatran is! Today, with estimates in 2,000 putting Sumatran Elephant was found on … the Sumatran Elephant population the... 2011, the population continues to decline as expected, Sumatran elephants feed on a of. Designed to raise awareness of endangered wildlife make a symbolic Elephant adoption to conserve... Just launched our online store, selling merchandise designed to raise awareness of endangered animals: in Indonesian. % of its habitat also includes the Indian and the island of Sumatra of...